Biohit Oyj and Tamro Oyj agreed to tighten co-operation concerning Acetium product portfolio
Biohit Oyj and Tamro Oyj agreed to tighten co-operation concerning Acetium
Biohit Oyj and Tamro Oyj have agreed to tighten the co-operation concerning
Acetium product portfolio. The co-operation shall in the future include
marketing and distribution of the new over-the-counter product Acetium lozenge
in Finland. Lozenge efficiently removes dissolved acetaldehyde in saliva during
smoking. In 2008, the WHO classified acetaldehyde in to the group of the most
important tobacco smoke carcinogens, for which exposure reduction should be
mandatory. The sales of the new product are expected to start in Finland as of
the end of the first quarter.
CEO Semi Korpela, Biohit Oyj: "This unique product is targeting smokers, as the
Acetium lozenge might help one to quit smoking. The product is suitable for
each smoker's mouth.”
Executive Vice President Kai Kaasalainen, Tamro: "The sales have positive
expectations for two products, Acetium capsule and lozenge, supporting each
CEO Semi Korpela, Biohit Oyj
Tel. +358 9 773 861
Biohit Oyj in brief
Biohit Oyj is a Finnish biotechnology company operating globally that was
established in 1988. Biohit’s mission is “Innovating for Health” and “Cancer
Prevention”. The purpose of the company is to take social responsibility and
produce innovation, new technologies and analysis systems for use in medicine,
research institutions and industry, helping to promote research and diagnostics
and to improve the quality of life of people by means of preventing disease,
human suffering and financial loss. We are committed to responsibility and it
is our duty to innovate and develop the marketing and availability of our
products and services. Biohit is headquartered in Helsinki and its subsidiaries
are located China and UK. Since 1999, Biohit’s Series B shares (BIOBV) have
been listed in the NASDAQ OMX Helsinki Oy Small cap/Healthcare sector.
Tamro in brief
Tamro is Finland’s leading distributor of pharmaceuticals and other products
that promote health and well-being. Tamro has a vitally important role in the
Finnish well-being chain: we ensure that pharmacies and hospitals are quickly
and reliably supplied with the pharmaceuticals and other products they need.
Tamro Finland’s net sales amount to EUR 700 million and it employs about 370
people. Tamro belongs to the international PHOENIX Group.
Acetaldehyde is the most important cigarette smoke carcinogen (Haussmann,
2012). Acetaldehyde concentration in tobacco smoke is almost 1000 times higher
than any of the other carcinogens. Due to highly water soluble substance
contained in tobacco smoke, acetaldehyde dissolves in saliva during smoking and
is emanated along with it in the mouth, throat, esophagus and gastric mucosa.
By this mechanism, smoking significantly increases risk of cancer in these
Normally acetaldehyde concentration is not measurable in saliva. During smoking
the average acetaldehyde content is approximately 228 micromoles per liter
(10mg / l). If the smoker is simultaneously drinking alcohol, acetaldehyde
concentration in saliva is significantly higher at around 360 micromoles per
liter (16mg / l). Mutagenic level of acetaldehyde is approximately above 50-100
micromoles, which means from 2.2 to 4.4 mg of acetaldehyde per liter. Thus, the
active smoking during salivary acetaldehyde concentration exceeds the risk
tolerance by 2-4 times.
Acetium ® lozenge method developed by Biohit contains L-cysteine and xylitol
and it extremely effectively removes acetaldehyde in smoker's saliva. Studies
have proven that even a very small amount of cysteine ??(3 mg) removes up to 90
% acetaldehyde dissolved in to saliva during smoking.
Acetaldehyde in cigarette smoke is generated during the combustion process.
Acetaldehyde does not improve the taste or smell of cigarettes, and it’s not
expected to affect the attractiveness of cigarettes. Acetaldehyde, however, is
expected to make cigarettes more addictive by increasing the addictive effect
of nicotine. Acetaldehyde can also bind to certain amino acids in the body, and
form so-called harmans. Harmans are believed to influence directly on the brain
as depression medicines, which can improve the mood. Tobacco addiction may,
therefore, be strengthened by this mechanism. It is possible to study this
hypothesis with Acetium lozenge form.
Acetium lozenges and cigarette smoke acetaldehyde-related literature:
1. Salaspuro V, Salaspuro M. Synergistic effect of alcohol drinking and smoking
on in vivo acetaldehyde concentration in saliva. Int J Cancer 2004;111:480-483.
2. Salaspuro VJ, Hietala JM, Marvola ML, Salaspuro MP. Eliminating carcinogenic
acetaldehyde by cysteine from saliva during smoking. Cancer Epid Biomark Prev
3. Kartal A, Hietala J, Laakso I, Kaihovaara P, Salaspuro V, Sakkinen M, et al.
Formulation and in vivo evaluation of L-cysteine chewing gums for binding
carcinogenic acetaldehyde in the saliva during smoking. J Pharm Pharmacol
4. Haussmann HJ. Use of hazard indices for a theoretical evaluation of
cigarette smoke composition. Chem Res Toxicol 2012;25:794-810.
5. Burns DM, Dybing E, Gray N, Hecht S, Anderson C, Sanner T et al. Mandated
lowering of toxicants in cigarette smoke: a description of the World Health
Organization Tob Reg proposal. Tob Control 2008;17:132-41.
Cancer Society of Finland: http://www.cancer.fi/en/
The L-cysteine in Acetium capsule dissolves slowly into the gastric fluid,
efficiently binding (neutralising) carcinogenic acetaldehyde in an achlorhydric
stomach. This contributes to the prevention of cancer in mouth, stomach and
oesophageal. Such cancers are typically diagnosed late, which results in a
particularly poor prognosis.
The science behind the Acetium innovation is strong and there is a great need
for this product. Identifying the specific carcinogenic substance is crucial to
preventing a particular cancer. Insufficient ability to remove acetaldehyde
caused by point mutation provides a human model for acetaldehyde exposure,
helping to explain the high incidence rates of upper gastrointestinal tract
cancers in alcohol drinkers. The consistent epidemiological and biochemical
results obtained from this model prompted the World Health Organization’s
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in October 2009 to classify
the acetaldehyde found in, and generated endogenously from, alcoholic beverages
as a Group I carcinogen, i.e. as carcinogenic as asbestos, formaldehyde and
benzene. One principle applies to all Group I carcinogens: every available
means should be used to reduce exposure to these substances.
The Acetium capsules are the only product in the world proven to reduce
exposure to acetaldehyde. Acetium is intended e.g. for persons suffering from
an achlorhydric stomach caused by atrophy of the gastric mucosa and functional
disorder (atrophic gastritis). An anacidic stomach is the most significant risk
factor in stomach and oesophageal cancer. The risk group includes approximately
500 million people globally. The easiest method to diagnose an achlorhydric
stomach caused by atrophic gastritis from blood samples is using GastroPanel
biomarker test developed by Biohit Oyj.
Acetium capsules, which are available in pharmacies without prescription, are
recommended to those with
1. long-term need to use medications that reduce gastric acid (HCl) secretion
(PPI medication and H2 blockers); approximately 5-10% of Western population
use these occasionally or regularly, and possibly more than 500,000 people
2. an achlorhydric or low-acid stomach caused by atrophic gastritis resulting
from Helicobacter pylori infection or an autoimmune disease, which can be
diagnosed with GastroPanel (500 million worldwide)
3. an untreated chronic Helicobacter pylori infection, which can be reliably
diagnosed with GastroPanel (more than 500 million people worldwide),
4. people who have undergone stomach surgery (over a million people
5. people with gene mutation affecting acetaldehyde metabolism: 30–50% of
Asians suffer ALDH2 deficiency.
The Acetium and GastroPanel innovations provide new opportunities for safe and
cost-effective health care, as well as opportunities to tap into large and
growing markets in cooperation with other Finnish and international companies
www.biohithealthcare.com/scientific > State of the art GastroPanel and Acetium
innovations for the unmet need and
www.biohithealthcare.com/scientific > GastroPanel Research.