Outokumpu half-year report – Strong operational execution secured satisfactory performance in the second quarter, Group adjusted EBITDA at EUR 91 million

Outokumpu Oyj
Half-year financial report
August 1, 2019 at 9.00 am EEST

Outokumpu half-year report – Strong operational execution secured satisfactory performance in the second quarter, Group adjusted EBITDA at EUR 91 million

Highlights in the second quarter of 2019

  • Stainless steel deliveries were 584,000 tonnes (668,000 tonnes)1.
  • Adjusted EBITDA was EUR 91 million (EUR 136 million).
  • EBITDA was EUR 91 million (EUR 136 million).
  • Operating cash flow was EUR 177 million (EUR 71 million).
  • Net debt decreased to EUR 1,307 million (March 31, 2019: EUR 1,370 million).
  • Gearing was 49.8% (March 31, 2019: 51.6%).
  • Return on capital employed (ROCE) was 2.9% (March 31, 2019: 4.3%).
  • In June, Outokumpu signed a EUR 400 million secured term loan to extend debt maturities.

Highlights in the first half of 2019

  • Stainless steel deliveries were 1,205,000 tonnes (1,312,000 tonnes)
  • Adjusted EBITDA was EUR 145 million (EUR 269 million).
  • EBITDA was EUR 131 million (EUR 276 million).
  • Operating cash flow was EUR 216 million (EUR 110 million).
  • Net result was EUR -33 million (EUR 74 million).

1Figures in parentheses refer to the corresponding period for 2018, unless otherwise stated.

Q2 2019 compared to Q2 2018

Outokumpu’s sales decreased to EUR 1,701 million (EUR 1,883 million). The second-quarter adjusted EBITDA of EUR 91 million was lower than EUR 136 million in the second quarter of 2018 mainly due to a 13% drop in stainless steel deliveries. Spot base prices were substantially lower year-on-year but Outokumpu’s realized prices remained relatively flat driven by improved customer and product mix in all business areas. Ferrochrome profitability was negatively impacted by the lower benchmark price. Raw material-related inventory and metal derivative losses were EUR 16 million compared to gains of EUR 1 million in the second quarter of 2018. Other operations and intra-group items’ adjusted EBITDA decreased to EUR -11 million (EUR 5 million).

H1 2019 compared to H1 2018

During the first half of 2019, Outokumpu’s sales decreased to EUR 3,415 million (EUR 3,553 million). Adjusted EBITDA decreased to EUR 145 million (EUR 269 million), heavily impacted by weaker stainless steel demand. Deliveries during the first six months of the year were 8% lower compared to the same period last year. Graphite electrode and other input costs were higher on average and the Ferrochrome result was lower due to the lower benchmark price. Raw material-related inventory and metal derivative losses were EUR 29 million (losses of EUR 4 million). Other operations and intra-group items’ adjusted EBITDA amounted to EUR -10 million, EUR 25 million lower than during the first half of 2018 which was positively impacted by gains from emission allowance derivatives.

EBIT was EUR 16 million (EUR 176 million) and net result amounted to EUR -33 million (EUR 74 million) during the first half of 2019. 


Group key figures   Q2/19 Q2/18 Q1/19 Q1-Q2/19 Q1-Q2/18 2018  
Sales EUR million 1,701 1,883 1,715 3,415 3,553 6,872  
EBITDA EUR million 91 136 40 131 276 496  
Adjusted EBITDA1) EUR million 91 136 54 145 269 485  
EBIT EUR million 33 86 -17 16 176 280  
Adjusted EBIT1) EUR million 33 86 -3 30 169 279  
Result before taxes EUR million 17 49 -35 -18 119 175  
Net result for the period EUR million 6 25 -39 -33 74 130  
Earnings per share EUR 0.01 0.06 -0.09 -0.08 0.18 0.32  
Diluted earnings per share EUR 0.01 0.06 -0.09 -0.08 0.18 0.32  
Return on capital employed % 2.9 5.5 4.3 2.9 5.5 7.0  
Net cash generated from operating activities EUR million 177 71 39 216 110 214  
Net debt at the end of period EUR million 1,307 1,211 1,370 1,307 1,211 1,241  
Debt-to-equity ratio at the end of period % 49.8 45.1 51.6 49.8 45.1 45.1  
Capital expenditure EUR million 49 63 50 100 100 260  
Stainless steel deliveries 1,000 tonnes 584 668 621 1,205 1,312 2,428  
Personnel at the end of period2)   10,483 10,419 10,449 10,483 10,419 10,449  

1) Adjusted EBITDA or EBIT = EBITDA or EBIT – Items classified as adjustments. 

2)On June 30, 2019 the Group employed, in addition, some 710 summer trainees (June 30, 2018: some 690).  
Outokumpu has adopted IFRS 16 – Leases on January 1, 2019 using the modified retrospective approach. Comparative information has not been restated.

More information on the changes to Outokumpu's accounting principles and transition impacts is presented in the end of this report.      

President & CEO Roeland Baan

“Outokumpu’s second quarter adjusted EBITDA of EUR 91 million was a satisfactory result in a very tough market environment. I am particularly pleased with our commercial and operational performance in business area Europe – our product mix was strong, and we maintained our market share. In addition, our continued self-help measures including cost-savings and selected development activities yielded tangible results.

Our ongoing focus on working capital resulted in strong operating cash flow, and our net debt decreased to EUR 1.3 billion.

The stainless steel market remains difficult. In Europe, we are still battling with cheap Asian imports despite the permanent safeguards that became effective in February. The import penetration is back at 30% and the start of the new quota period on July 1 has already led to a further jump in imports. The steel industry is in continuous dialogue with the European Commission to improve the effectiveness of the safeguards. Conversely, imports into the US have stayed at relatively low levels, however, due to the continued distributor destocking, we don’t see significant volume upside in the short term in the Americas.

Due to these challenges, coupled with seasonally lower demand, we are facing a tough third quarter, and we expect the challenges to influence the stainless steel market for the rest of 2019.

Despite the unprecedented adverse market circumstances, we have been able to maintain our profitability on a reasonable level, which demonstrates the power of the strategic actions we have executed since 2016. For example, we have improved our customer and product mix substantially in all business areas, and our continued efficiency and productivity gains are bringing us significant cost benefits. We are confident that by pursuing these actions further, we will be able to navigate through the current challenging period and at the same time, secure our competitiveness for the market recovery.” 

Outlook for Q3 2019

The third-quarter stainless steel market is expected to be challenging. In addition to typical seasonal slowdown in Europe, the underlying stainless steel demand is expected to be further burdened by high import volumes from Asia and weakness in certain customer segments. Consequently, Outokumpu expects its third-quarter stainless steel deliveries in Europe to be lower compared to the second quarter. In the Americas, deliveries are expected to remain at a stable level.

The Ferrochrome result will be negatively impacted by the lower ferrochrome benchmark price, as well as weaker demand. The planned maintenance shutdown of a ferrochrome furnace scheduled for September-October is expected to have a total cost impact of up to EUR 10 million during the second half of the year.

Outokumpu expects its third-quarter adjusted EBITDA to be lower than in the second quarter of 2019 (Q2/19: EUR 91 million).

Conference call today at 3.00 pm EEST

A conference call for investors and analysts will be held on Thursday August 1, 2019 at 3.00 pm EEST (8.00 am US EST, 1.00 pm UK, 2.00 pm CET). The results call will be hosted by Outokumpu’s CEO Roeland Baan and CFO Pia Aaltonen-Forsell. To participate in the conference call, please dial in 5−10 minutes before the beginning of the event:

Finland: +358 9 424 51 472

UK/Europe: +44 20 300 95 710   

US & Canada: +1 91 77 20 01 78

Confirmation code: 8359944

The event can be viewed live at https://edge.media-server.com/mmc/p/oe9deoto.

The stock exchange release and the presentation material will be available before the event at www.outokumpu.com/investors.

A recording of the event will be available at www.outokumpu.com/en/investors/ir-events/webcasts as of August 1, 2019 at around 6.00 pm EEST.

For more information:

Investors: Tommi Järvenpää, VP, Investor Relations: tel. +358 9 421 3466, +358 40 576 0288

Media: Reeta Kaukiainen, EVP, Communications & IR: tel. +358 50 522 0924

Outokumpu Oyj

Outokumpu is the global leader in stainless steel. We aim to be the best value creator in stainless steel by 2020, through our competitive edge of customer orientation and efficiency. The foundation of our business is our ability to tailor stainless steel into any form and for almost any purpose. Stainless steel is sustainable, durable and designed to last forever. Our customers use it to create civilization’s basic structures and its most famous landmarks as well as products for households and various industries. Outokumpu employs 10,000 professionals in more than 30 countries, with headquarters in Helsinki, Finland and shares listed in Nasdaq Helsinki. www.outokumpu.com