New research from the Arctic: thawing permafrost peatlands may add to atmospheric CO2 burden

Temperatures in the Arctic are rising twice as fast as in the rest of the world, causing permafrost soils to thaw. Permafrost peatlands are biogeochemical hot spots in the Arctic as they store vast amounts of carbon. Permafrost thaw could release part of these long-term immobile carbon stocks as the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) to the atmosphere, but how much, at which time-span and as which gaseous carbon species is still highly uncertain.

A new study led by researchers from the University of Eastern Finland and the University of Montreal, in cooperation with researchers from various Nordic research institutions, finds that peatlands may strengthen the permafrost–carbon feedback by adding to the atmospheric CO2 burden post-thaw. The study was recently published in Global Change Biology – a leading journal in environmental science.

By applying a novel experimental approach using intact plant–soil systems (mesocosms), the authors were able to simulate permafrost thaw (thawing of the upper 10–15cm of permafrost) under near‐natural conditions. Greenhouse gas flux dynamics were monitored via high‐resolution flow‐through gas measurements, combined with detailed monitoring of soil greenhouse gas concentration dynamics, yielding insights into gas production and consumption potential of individual soil layers. The study finds that under dry conditions, peatlands may strengthen the permafrost–carbon feedback by adding to the atmospheric CO2 burden post‐thaw. However, as long as the water table remains low, the results reveal a strong CH4 sink capacity in these types of Arctic ecosystems pre‐ and post‐thaw, with the potential to compensate for part of the permafrost CO2 losses over longer timescales.

The research was funded by the Nordic Centre of Excellence DEFROST, and supported by the European Union project PAGE21, the Academy of Finland (project CryoN), JPI Climate project COUP, RFBR project NOCA, and the Emil Aaltonen Foundation.

For further information please contact:

Dr Carolina Voigt (tel.: +14383459045, (English)

Dr Maija Marushchak (tel.: +358 504135442, (English, Finnish)

Research article:

Voigt, C., Marushchak, M.E., Mastepanov, M., Lamprecht, R.E., Christensen, T.R., Dorodnikov, M., Jackowicz-Korczyński, M., Lindgren, A., Lohila, A., Nykänen, H., Oinonen, M., Oksanen, T., Palonen, V., Treat, C.C., Martikainen, P.J., Biasi, C. (2019). Ecosystem carbon response of an Arctic peatland to simulated permafrost thaw. Global Change Biology. doi: 10.1111/gcb.14574. The article is available online at


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The University of Eastern Finland, UEF, is one of the largest universities in Finland. The activities of the UEF underscore multidisciplinarity, and the university is especially strong in research related to forests and the environment, health and well-being, and new technologies and materials. The UEF offers teaching in more than 100 major subjects. In addition to the high standard of teaching, the university offers its students a modern study environment, which is under constant development. The university comprises four faculties: the Philosophical Faculty, the Faculty of Science and Forestry, the Faculty of Health Sciences, and the Faculty of Social Sciences and Business Studies. The university’s campuses are located in the heart of beautiful eastern Finland in Joensuu, Kuopio and Savonlinna. The UEF is home to approximately 15 000 students and nearly 2 800 members of staff.


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