Viking Line Abp: Half-year Financial Report January–June 2021

Viking Line Abp                     HALF YEAR FINANCIAL REPORT             26.08.2021, 10.00 AM
 

ANOTHER SIX MONTHS WITH THE PANDEMIC

January–June 2021 (compared to January–June 2020)

  • Sales amounted to EUR 71.5 M (EUR 97.5 M).
  • Other operating revenue was EUR 33.6 M (EUR 16.1 M).
  • Operating income totalled EUR 4.5 M (EUR -27.4 M).
  • Net financial items were EUR -2.4 M (EUR -2.1 M).
  • Income before taxes amounted to EUR 2.2 M (EUR -29.5 M).
  • Income after taxes totalled EUR 2.7 M (EUR -23.7 M).
  • Changed earnings outlook. The outlook for the financial year 2021 is better than the outcome for 2020. Improved demand starting late in the second quarter of 2021 together with one-off items in the form of the sale of Mariella and the anticipated redemption of Viking Line’s terminal buildings including fixtures and fittings with the City of Turku will boost income. There is still uncertainty about how authority requirements, State aid, the impact of vaccination programmes and related restrictions on passenger traffic as well as market demand will affect Viking Line’s operations, results and financial position for the full-year 2021, but on the whole the Board of Directors believes operating income will be positive.

On the previous reporting date, the outlook was as follows:

The outlook for the financial year 2021 is unchanged. Uncertainty about regulatory requirements, State aid, the impact of vaccination programmes and related restrictions for passenger traffic, and market demand will affect Viking Line’s operations, results and financial position. It is too soon to quantify the impact on earnings since there is great uncertainty about the trend. As a result, no earnings forecast is provided for 2021.

Second quarter 2021 (compared to second quarter 2020)

  • Sales amounted to EUR 46.9 M (EUR 22.6 M).
  • Operating income totalled EUR 12.2 M (EUR -5.9 M).

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to dominate the company’s operations and results, but at the end of the quarter we nevertheless saw increased demand for our services between Åland, Finland and Sweden. Traffic between Finland and Estonia has been greatly affected by restrictions. The focus during the period was on the company’s public service obligations and cost control. Since the end of the first quarter of 2020, the company’s possibilities for running regular operations have been severely limited by the still ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.
 

Sales and earnings

Consolidated sales decreased 26.7% to EUR 71.5 M during the period January 1–June 30, 2021 (EUR 97.5 M January 1–June 30, 2020). Operating income totalled EUR 4.5 M (EUR -27.4 M).

Passenger-related revenue decreased 34.1% to EUR 50.1 M (EUR 76.0 M), while cargo revenue was EUR 20.4 M (EUR 20.7 M). The sales contribution was EUR 55.2 M (EUR 73.5 M). Operating costs decreased 29.3% to EUR 74.1 M (EUR 104.9 M).

Results for the second quarter were dominated by Viking Line’s public service obligations and cargo transports, but an increase in demand in the passenger sector was also discernible at the end of the period.

Sales increased 107.7% to EUR 46.9 M during the period (EUR 22.6 M April 1–June 30, 2020). Operating income totalled EUR 12.2 M (EUR -5.9 M).

During the first two quarters of the year, the Group received aid for its public service obligations from Traficom for the Group’s vessels on the Turku–Mariehamn/Långnäs–Stockholm, Mariehamn-Kapellskär and Helsinki–Tallinn routes. We also received aid from the Development and Management Centre of Finland’s Centres for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment (known as ELY centres) and from Finland’s Local Employment and Economic Development Offices. The aid is recognized as State aid under other operating revenue.

Service and market

The Viking Line Group provides passenger and cargo carrier services using six vessels on the northern Baltic Sea and in the Gulf of Finland. During the second quarter, a bareboat hire/purchase agreement was entered into for M/S Mariella. The Group’s remaining vessels served the same routes as in 2020, although the vessels that normally sail between Helsinki and Stockholm and between Stockholm and Mariehamn have been taken out of service to some extent due to the COVID-19 pandemic. On June 12, Gabriella resumed service on the Helsinki–Stockholm route and was also used for special cruises.

The total number of passengers on Viking Line’s vessels during the report period was 538,348 (998,483). The Group had a total market share in its service area of approximately 32.1% (27.0%).

Viking Line’s cargo volume was 65,214 cargo units (62,409). Viking Line’s share of the cargo market was approximately 16.8% (17.1%). The market share for passenger cars was approximately 31.4% (24.1%).

Due to the ongoing pandemic, travel has been limited. In late June, digital Covid certificates adopted by the European Commission began to be made available to the general public. Their implementation in every EU country is now under way. The Covid certificates provide countries in Viking Line’s service area with a framework for phasing out the national regulations established during the pandemic. As vaccination programmes against Covid-19 progress, it is expected that demand for travel, especially local travel, could increase compared to earlier.

Investments and financing

The Group’s investments amounted to EUR 8.3 M (EUR 9.3 M), of which EUR 3.8 M (EUR 3.9 M) is related to the capitalization of costs and advance payments for vessels under construction. The Group’s total investments constitute 11.6% of revenue (9.5%).

Construction of the vessel Viking Glory is progressing in China. The vessel is expected to be delivered at the end of the year. Delivery will thus be later than the agreed delivery time.

On June 30, 2021, the Group’s non-current interest-bearing liabilities totalled EUR 99.3 M (EUR 88.3 M). The equity/assets ratio was 46.3% compared to 49.3% a year earlier.

At the end of June, the Group’s cash and cash equivalents amounted to EUR 41.8 M (EUR 30.7 M). Unutilized credit lines in the Group totalled EUR 15.1 M on June 30, 2021 (EUR 10.4 M). Net cash flow from operating activities amounted to EUR 5.1 M (EUR -20.2 M). Net cash flow from investing activities was EUR 9.8 M (EUR -8.8 M) and net cash flow from financing activities amounted to EUR -2.9 M (EUR -3.0 M).

In 2020, the Finnish Government approved State guarantees on Viking Line’s liquidity loans of up to EUR 38.7 M. With the liquidity loans, the company’s liquidity position improved and thus ensured continued financially stable operations in the situation that had arisen as a result of the Covid crisis. In addition to the Finnish State guarantees, commercial banks have guaranteed EUR 4.3 M. The Group had drawn EUR 43.0 M of the liquidity loans on June 30, 2021. Viking Line undertakes not to pay a dividend or pay out any funds until its obligations related to the guarantees and loans have been repaid in full.

Most of the Group’s loan agreements include loan covenants according to market terms. The covenant terms entail minimum requirements for liquidity and solvency and a maximum net financial debt-to-EBITDA ratio. The Group has been granted a time-limited exemption from the covenant terms that were breached during the first two quarters of 2021 for those loans already drawn.

For loans of EUR 15.0 M, the company has been granted a waiver from one of the financial covenants until December 31, 2021. The company has conducted negotiations to extend the waiver in a positive spirit. A decision is expected in September 2021. Since the waiver was not in effect for the next 12 months at the end of the report period, the loan is classified in this financial report as a current liability in the balance sheet. The loan will be reclassified as a non-current liability once the company has received a waiver decision.

Viking Line Abp entered an agreement to sell Mariella to Corsica Ferries SAS, and the vessel was delivered in May 2021. The sale of Mariella is a move to strengthen the company’s financial position but is also justified by the age of the vessel. The sale is being carried out as a bareboat hire/purchase arrangement. The total sale price is EUR 19.6 M. The vessel’s book value was EUR 5.6 M. The sale had a EUR 13.1 M effect on income, and liquidity was strengthened by EUR 13.5 M. The remainder of the purchase price is to be paid on a monthly basis over four years beginning June 1, 2022. The present value is calculated by discounting future payments at a 3% interest rate.

Viking Line Abp has entered into a preliminary agreement with the City of Turku on the redemption of Viking Line’s terminal buildings including fixtures and fittings at the Port of Turku for about EUR 17.8 M. The reason for the redemption is that the land lease will expire in 2025. A final purchase agreement is expected to be entered into on August 31, and at the same time a lease on Viking Line’s terminal facilities at the Port of Turku will be entered into.

Liquidity can also be strengthened by a shareholder contribution.

Organization and personnel

The average number of full-time employees in the Group was 1,265 (1,802), of whom 830 (1,249) worked for the parent company. Land-based personnel totalled 344 (444) and shipboard personnel totalled 921 (1,358).

In addition to the Group’s own employees, Viking XPRS was crewed by an average of 140 (158) people employed by a staffing company.

The number of employees in 2021 is far lower than in 2020, since a large percentage of staff were furloughed during the period. Along with the furloughs, redundancies in the land-based organization and on Viking Cinderella affected the number of employees.

Risk factors

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on Viking Line’s earnings and liquidity and will continue to have a negative impact.

Uncertainty about regulatory requirements and related restrictions to passenger traffic and about market demand will affect Viking Line’s operations, results and financial position.

The Group’s loans are tied to loan covenants that include profitability, liquidity and solvency requirements. If the terms in these covenants are not met, financiers can demand early repayment or cancellation of the loans.

 

Quarterly consolidated income statement
2021 2021 2020 2020 2020
EUR M Q2 Q1 Q4 Q3 Q2
SALES 46.9 24.6 34.6 56.6 22.6
Other operating revenue 23.3 10.3 10.2 0.7 14.9
Expenses
Goods and services 11.3 5.0 11.6 15.3 4.0
Salary and other employment benefit expenses 15.2 13.5 16.3 15.5 13.8
Depreciation, amortization and impairment losses 5.0 5.1 6.6 6.0 6.0
Other operating expenses 26.4 19.0 24.4 28.3 19.6
58.0 42.5 58.9 65.1 43.4
OPERATING INCOME 12.2 -7.7 -14.1 -7.8 -5.9
Financial income 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0
Financial expenses -1.1 -1.3 -0.8 -1.0 -0.2
INCOME BEFORE TAXES 11.1 -8.9 -14.5 -8.8 -6.1
Income taxes -1.2 1.8 2.9 1.7 1.2
INCOME FOR THE PERIOD 9.8 -7.2 -11.6 -7.1 -4.9
Income attributable to:
Parent company shareholders  9.8 -7.2 -11.6 -7.1 -4.9
Earnings per share before and after dilution, EUR 0.91 -0.66 -1.07 -0.66 -0.46
Quarterly consolidated statement of 
comprehensive income
2021 2021 2020 2020 2020
EUR M Q2 Q1 Q4 Q3 Q2
INCOME FOR THE PERIOD 9.8 -7.2 -11.6 -7.1 -4.9
Items that may be reclassified to the income statement   
Translation differences 0.3 -0.5 1.1 -0.1 0.9
Items that will not be reclassified to the income statement
Changes in the fair value of financial assets recognized at 
fair value through other comprehensive income 1.6 - 0.6 0.0 -
Other comprehensive income 1.9 -0.5 1.7 -0.1 0.9
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME FOR THE PERIOD 11.8 -7.6 -9.9 -7.2 -4.0
Comprehensive income attributable to:
Parent company shareholders  11.8 -7.6 -9.9 -7.2 -4.0
 

Financial ratios and statistics

Jan 1, 2021- Jan 1, 2020- Jan 1, 2020-
Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Dec 31, 2020
Equity per share, EUR 18.37 19.57 17.98
Equity/assets ratio 46.3 % 49.3 % 46.4 %
Investments, EUR M 8.3 9.3 15.0
 – as % of sales 11.6 % 9.5 % 7.9 %
Passengers 538,348 998,483 1,927,302
Cargo units 65,214 62,409 125,693
Average number of employees, full-time equivalent 1,265 1,802 1,640
Equity/assets ratio, % = (Equity including minority interest) / (Total assets – advances received)
When rounding off items to the nearest EUR 1,000,000, rounding-off differences of EUR +/– 0.1 M may occur.   
The above figures from the financial statements have not been audited.

Outlook for the full financial year 2021

Changed earnings outlook. The outlook for the financial year 2021 is better than the outcome for 2020. Improved demand since late in the second quarter of 2021 together with one-off items in the form of the anticipated sale of Mariella and the redemption of Viking Line’s terminal buildings including fixtures and fittings in Turku will boost income. There is still uncertainty about how authority requirements, State aid, the impact of vaccination programmes and related restrictions on passenger traffic as well as market demand will affect Viking Line’s operations, results and financial position for the full-year 2021, but on the whole the Board of Directors believes operating income will be positive.

In late June, digital Covid certificates adopted by the European Commission began to be made available to the general public. Their implementation in every EU country is now under way. The Covid certificates provide countries in Viking Line’s service area with a framework for phasing out the national regulations established during the pandemic. As vaccination programmes against Covid-19 progress, it is expected that demand for travel, especially local travel, could increase compared to earlier.

The Group’s Financial Report for January-September 2021 will be published on October 29, 2021.

Mariehamn, August 25, 2021

VIKING LINE ABP
The Board of Directors

 

Jan Hanses
President and CEO
 

Consolidated income statement

Apr 1, 2021- Apr 1, 2020- Jan 1, 2021- Jan 1, 2020- Jan 1, 2020-
EUR M Note Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Dec 31, 2020
SALES 4 46.9 22.6 71.5 97.5 188.8
Other operating revenue 5 23.3 14.9 33.6 16.1 26.9
Expenses
Goods and services 11.3 4.0 16.3 24.0 50.8
Salary and other employment benefit expenses 6 15.2 13.8 28.7 41.0 72.9
Depreciation, amortization and impairment losses 7 5.0 6.0 10.1 12.2 24.8
Other operating expenses 8 26.4 19.6 45.4 63.8 116.5
58.0 43.4 100.5 141.1 265.0
OPERATING INCOME 12.2 -5.9 4.5 -27.4 -49.3
Financial income 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4
Financial expenses 9 -1.1 -0.2 -2.4 -2.1 -3.9
INCOME BEFORE TAXES 11.1 -6.1 2.2 -29.5 -52.9
Income taxes -1.2 1.2 0.5 5.9 10.5
INCOME FOR THE PERIOD 9.8 -4.9 2.7 -23.7 -42.3
Income attributable to:
Parent company shareholders  9.8 -4.9 2.7 -23.7 -42.3
Earnings per share before and after dilution, EUR 0.91 -0.46 0.25 -2.19 -3.92
Consolidated statement of
comprehensive income
Apr 1, 2021- Apr 1, 2020- Jan 1, 2021- Jan 1, 2020- Jan 1, 2020-
EUR M Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Dec 31, 2020
INCOME FOR THE PERIOD 9.8 -4.9 2.7 -23.7 -42.3
Items that may be reclassified to the income statement
Translation differences 0.3 0.9 -0.2 -0.2 0.8
Items that will not be reclassified to the income statement
Changes in the fair value of financial assets at fair value
through other comprehensive income 1.6 - 1.6 - 0.6
Other comprehensive income 1.9 0.9 1.4 -0.2 1.4
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME FOR THE PERIOD 11.8 -4.0 4.1 -23.8 -40.9
Comprehensive income attributable to:
Parent company shareholders  11.8 -4.0 4.1 -23.8 -40.9
Consolidated balance sheet
EUR M Note Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Dec 31, 2020
ASSETS
Non-current assets
Intangible assets 3.0 3.2 3.3
Land 0.5 0.6 0.6
Buildings and structures 1.7 7.0 6.8
Renovation costs for rented properties 1.7 2.0 1.8
Vessels 242.7 260.7 254.1
Machinery and equipment 2.3 3.7 2.7
Right-of-use assets 4.9 5.4 4.7
Advance payments, vessels under construction 58.1 52.9 54.2
Financial assets at fair value through
other comprehensive income 0.0 28.0 28.6
Investments accounted for using th equity method 12 32.2 - -
Receivables 5.4 - -
Total non-current assets 352.5 363.6 356.8
Current assets
Inventories 9.4 17.8 10.9
Income tax assets 0.1 0.0 0.1
Trade and other receivables 13 36.0 25.7 28.2
Cash and cash equivalents 41.8 30.7 29.7
Total current assets 87.3 74.2 68.8
Non-current assets held for sale 14 5.0 - -
TOTAL ASSETS 444.7 437.8 425.6
EQUITY AND LIABILITIES
Equity
Share capital 1.8 1.8 1.8
Reserves 0.0 1.9 2.5
Translation differences -1.9 -2.6 -1.8
Retained earnings 198.5 210.2 191.8
Equity attributable to parent company shareholders 198.4 211.3 194.2
Total equity 198.4 211.3 194.2
Non-current liabilities
Deferred tax liabilities 10 26.5 31.7 27.1
Interest-bearing liabilities 99.3 88.3 108.2
Lease liabilities 3.4 3.6 3.0
Total non-current liabilities 129.2 123.6 138.3
Current liabilities
Interest-bearing liabilities 45.6 33.2 38.6
Lease liabilities 1.6 1.9 1.8
Income tax liabilities 0.0 0.0 0.0
Trade and other payables 69.9 67.7 52.7
Total current liabilities 117.1 102.8 93.1
Total liabilities 246.4 226.5 231.4
TOTAL EQUITY AND LIABILITIES 444.7 437.8 425.6
Consolidated cash flow statement
Jan 1, 2021- Jan 1, 2020- Jan 1, 2020-
EUR M Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Dec 31, 2020
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Income for the period 2.7 -23.7 -42.3
Adjustments
  Depreciation, amortization and impairment losses 10.1 12.2 24.8
  Capital gains/losses from non-current assets -13.1 0.0 0.0
  Other items not included in cash flow 0.1 0.0 -0.4
  Interest expenses and other financial expenses 2.3 1.8 3.9
  Interest income and other financial income 0.0 0.0 0.0
  Dividend income -4.9 - 0.0
  Income taxes -0.5 -5.9 -10.5
Change in working capital
  Change in trade and other receivables -7.9 2.3 -0.2
  Change in inventories 1.5 -0.9 6.0
  Change in trade and other payables 17.1 -2.5 -17.5
Interest paid -1.6 -1.6 -3.1
Financial expenses paid -0.7 -0.3 -1.1
Financial income received 0.0 0.0 0.0
Taxes paid -0.1 -1.7 -1.8
NET CASH FLOW FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES 5.1 -20.2 -42.3
INVESTING ACTIVITIES
Investments in vessels -2.2 -4.9 -6.7
Investments in other intangible and tangible assets -0.2 -0.5 -0.9
Advance payments, vessels under construction -3.8 -3.9 -7.4
EU funding - 0.4 2.6
Investments accounted for using th equity method -2.0 - -
Divestments of vessels 13.2 - -
Divestments of other intangible and tangible assets 0.0 0.0 0.0
Divestments of financial assets recognized at fair value
through other comprehensive income - - 0.0
Repayment of financial assets recognized at
fair value through other comprehensive income - 0.1 0.1
Dividends received 4.9 - 0.0
NET CASH FLOW FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES 9.8 -8.8 -12.3
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Increase in non-current liabilities 11.5 - 31.5
Principal payments, non-current liabilities -5.3 -11.7 -16.0
Change in current interest-bearing liabilities -8.0 9.7 8.0
Depreciation of lease liabilities -1.0 -1.0 -2.0
Dividends paid - - -
NET CASH FLOW FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES -2.9 -3.0 21.5
CHANGE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS 12.1 -32.0 -33.1
Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period 29.7 62.8 62.8
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT THE END OF THE PERIOD 41.8 30.7 29.7
 

Statement of changes in consolidated equity

 Equity attributable to parent company shareholders
Share Translation Retained Total
EUR M capital Reserves differences earnings equity
EQUITY, JAN 1, 2021 1.8 2.5 -1.8 191.8 194.2
Income for the period 2.7 2.7
Translation differences 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.2
Remeasurement of financial assets recognized at
fair value through other comprehensive income -2.5 4.1 1.6
Comprehensive income for the period - -2.5 -0.1 6.7 4.1
Dividend to shareholders - -
Transactions with owners of the parent company - - - - -
EQUITY, JUN 30, 2021 1.8 0.0 -1.9 198.5 198.4
 Equity attributable to parent company shareholders
Share Translation Retained Total
EUR M capital Reserves differences earnings equity
EQUITY, JAN 1, 2020 1.8 1.9 -2.5 233.9 235.1
Income for the period -23.7 -23.7
Translation differences 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.2
Comprehensive income for the period - 0.0 -0.1 -23.7 -23.8
Dividend to shareholders - -
Transactions with owners of the parent company - - - - -
EQUITY, JUN 30, 2020 1.8 1.9 -2.6 210.2 211.3

Notes to the Half-Year Financial Report for the period January-June 2021

  1. Accounting principles

This Half-Year Financial Report has been prepared in accordance with IFRS and consists of a summary of the financial statements for the period in accordance with IAS 34.

The Half-Year Financial Report has been prepared in accordance with the same accounting principles, estimates and valuations as in the most recent annual accounts, unless otherwise indicated below.

Depending on its nature, public aid received is recognized as other operating revenue, compensation to employees or as a decrease in advance payments for vessels under construction.

An associate company is a company over which the investor can exert a significant influence. An investment in an associate company shall be accounted for using the equity method in the balance sheet as an investment accounted for using the equity method.  The equity method is an accounting method that entails accounting for the investment in a company initially at cost and subsequently adjusting it by the investor company’s proportional share of the change in the investee’s net assets. The investor company’s income subsequently includes the investor company’s proportional share of the investee’s income, and the investor company’s other comprehensive income includes its share of the investee’s other comprehensive income. Viking Line owns 18.3% of the shares in Alandia Holding Ab, a company formed during the second quarter of 2021 for the acquisition of shares in Alandia Försäkring Abp. The Group accounts for the investment as an associate company. In conjunction with the transaction, the Group reclassified its previous holding of 19.5% in Alandia Försäkring Abp as an associate company. The reclassification had no effect on income. See Note 12.

The Group’s non-current receivables consist of a receivable related to Mariella’s sale to Corsica Ferries SAS. The receivable is to be paid on a monthly basis over four years beginning June 1,  2022. The present value is calculated by discounting future payments by an interest rate of 3%.

For cash and cash equivalents with a short maturity, the carrying amount is considered equal to fair value. The carrying amount of trade receivables and other receivables as well as of trade payables and other liabilities is considered equal to fair value based on the short-term nature of the items. The carrying amount of interest-bearing liabilities is equal to fair value.

A non-current asset shall be classified as held for sale if its carrying amount will be recovered principally through a sale transaction rather than through continuing use. To meet this requirement, the asset must be available for immediate sale in its present condition and subject only to terms that are usual and customary for sales of such assets, and its sale must be highly probable. Depreciation of an asset ceases from the time it is classified as an asset held for sale. The asset is to be measured at the lower of carrying amount and fair value less costs to sell. See Note 14.

Historically, Viking Line’s most important season is during the third quarter, but because of COVID-19 the seasonal fluctuations have not been normal. Uncertainty about regulatory requirements, restrictions to passenger traffic and market demand will affect seasonal fluctuations going forward.

The Half-Year Financial Report has not been subject to an audit.

When rounding off items to the nearest EUR 1,000,000, rounding-off differences of EUR+/- 0.1 M may occur.

  1. Estimates and judgements

In preparing the consolidated financial statements in compliance with IFRSs, the company’s management must make judgements and estimates about the future that affect the reported amounts for assets and liabilities, revenue and expenses as well as other information. The judgements and estimates contained in the financial statements are based on the best assessment of management on the date the Half-Year Financial Report was published.

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a severe deterioration in the Group’s operating conditions and has affected both the income statement and balance sheet. An account of the biggest changes is given in the notes below. It is difficult at present to estimate how long the pandemic will last and what impact it will have on Viking Line’s future earnings, financial position and cash flow. The actual outcome may deviate from the estimates and judgements made.

The most important area that entails judgements is the valuation of the Group’s vessels. The vessels’ residual values and estimated periods of use are examined yearly and adjusted if they deviate significantly from earlier values. The depreciation period for the vessels’ hull, machinery and other long-term components has been extended from 25 years to 30 years as of January 1, 2021, since the period of use for the vessels is considered to be longer than 25 years. Residual values have remained unchanged; see Notes 7 and 11.

The value of the Group’s shareholding in Alandia Försäkring Abp has been determined based on the present value of future cash flows. The shareholding is recognized under financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income until June 30, 2021, when Alandia Försäkring Abp’s ownership structure changed. As a result, Viking Line exercises a significant influence in the company, and the investment is accounted for as an associate company using the equity method.

In valuing the Group’s leases, judgements are made as to how the Group will capitalize on any opportunity to extend the lease period or terminate the lease. Judgements are also made as to what discount rate is to be used in calculating the present value of the Group’s lease liability. The size of the Group’s lease liabilities and right-of-use assets, as well as payments on its lease liabilities and depreciation of right-of-use assets, is affected by those judgements.

In 2020, the Group’s management made a judgement on obsolete assets in the sales inventory due to slower turnover and reduced demand as a direct result of COVID-19. Based on the management’s judgements in 2021, no significant impairment losses were recognized in the income statement during the first two quarters of the year.

  1. Going concern, risks and liquidity

The COVID-19 pandemic is an uncertainty factor that, should related risks be realized in full, could lead to uncertainty about the company’s ability to continue operations.

This Half-Year Financial Report has been prepared in accordance with the going concern principle since in the view of Viking Line’s Board of Directors the company can continue its operations and meet its obligations over the foreseeable future, at least 12 months from the date of approval of this report. This view is based on the business plan approved by the Board of Directors, which takes COVID-19 into account, and on additional financing.

In 2020, the Finnish Government approved the State’s guarantees on Viking Line’s liquidity loans up to EUR 38.7 M. With the liquidity loans, the company’s liquidity position improved, thus ensuring continued financially stable operations in the situation that has arisen as a result of the coronavirus crisis. In addition to the Finnish State guarantees, commercial banks have guaranteed EUR 4.3 M. The Group had drawn EUR 43.0 M of the liquidity loans on June 30, 2021. Viking Line undertakes not to pay a dividend or pay out any funds until its obligations related to the guarantees and loans have been met in full.

The Group’s cash and cash equivalents at the end of June totalled EUR 41.8 M (EUR 30.7 M). Unutilized credit lines in the Group totalled EUR 15.1 M on June 30, 2021 (EUR 10.4 M). The net cash flow from operating activities was EUR 5.1 M (EUR -20.2 M). Net cash flow from investing activities was EUR 9.8 M (EUR -8.8 M) and net cash flow from financing activities amounted to EUR -2.9 M (EUR -3.0 M).

Viking Line Abp entered into an agreement to sell Mariella to Corsica Ferries SAS, and the vessel was delivered in May 2021. The sale of Mariella is a move to strengthen the company’s financial position but is also justified by the age of the vessel. The sale is being carried out as a bareboat hire/purchase arrangement. The total sale price is EUR 19.6 M. The vessel’s book value was EUR 5.6 M. The sale had a EUR 13.1 M effect on income, and liquidity was strengthened by EUR 13.5 M. The remainder of the purchase price is to be paid on a monthly basis over four years beginning June 1, 2022. The present value is calculated by discounting future payments by an interest rate of 3%. The vessel has been provided as collateral for the receivable.

Viking Line Abp has entered into a preliminary agreement with the City of Turku on the redemption of Viking Line’s terminal buildings including fixtures and fittings at the Port of Turku for about EUR 17.8 M. The reason for the redemption is that the land lease will expire in 2025. A final purchase agreement is expected to be entered into on August 31, and at the same time a lease on Viking Line’s terminal buildings at the Port of Turku will be entered into. This building is classified as non-current assets held for sale. See Note 14.

Liquidity can also be strengthened by a shareholder contribution.

In 2020, Viking Line Abp signed an agreement with Finnvera Abp and Finlands Exportkredit Ab on a loan payment deferral for payments during the period July 1, 2020–January 31, 2022 totalling EUR 29.8 M. Three of the four loan payments fall due by January 10, 2025 at the latest – in other words, at the time final payment is due, while the fourth loan payment is divided up so that it falls due in conjunction with the other payments. This is shown in the table below for future cash flows related to financial liabilities on June 30, 2021. The deferred loan payments may be paid in advance, and the interest rate and maturity of the loan remain unchanged. The payment of dividends during the term of the loan is conditional upon payment of the loan payments for which a deferral has been granted.

Most of the Group’s loan agreements include loan covenants according to market terms. The financial covenants in the loan agreement consist of a minimum liquidity requirement and a maximum total net debt-to-EBITDA ratio for the Group. The Group has been granted a time-limited exemption from the covenant terms that were breached during the first quarter of 2021 for those loans already drawn.

During the second quarter, Viking Line was granted an exemption in writing from applying the covenant terms for a loan of EUR 74.6 M until December 31, 2022. The credit was thus reclassified as of June 30, 2021, as a long-term credit.

For Viking Line’s loan of EUR 15.0 M, there is an exemption from some covenant terms until December 31, 2021. The company has conducted negotiations to extend the exemption in a positive spirit. A decision is expected in September 2021. Since the waiver was not in effect for the next 12 months at the end of the report period, the loan is classified in this financial report as a current liability in the balance sheet. The loan will be classified as a non-current liability again once the company has received a waiver decision. In the event the pandemic continues for longer than the Board of Directors has anticipated and should the measures to strengthen the company’s finances noted above not have a positive outcome, there is considerable uncertainty that could lead to significant doubt about the company’s ability to continue operations.

Future cash flows related to financial liabilities on June 30, 2021:

 

EUR M

Future cash flows related to Lease Trade Interest- Total
financial liabilities (incl. financial expenses) liabilities payables bearing
liabilities
Jul 1, 2021 - Dec 31, 2021 0.9 18.0 42.7 61.7
Jan 1, 2022 - Jun 30, 2022 0.9 7.1 8.0
Jul 1, 2022 - Jun 30, 2023 1.3 23.3 24.7
Jul 1, 2023 - Jun 30, 2024 1.0 22.6 23.6
Jul 1, 2024 - Jun 30, 2025 0.8 50.5 51.3
Jul 1, 2025 - Jun 30, 2026 0.4 2.3 2.7
Jul 1, 2026 -  8.8 8.8
Total 5.3 18.0 157.5 180.8

Financing of vessel construction

Advance payments are related to vessels under construction and totalled EUR 58.1 M on June 30, 2021, after a deduction of EUR 4.9 M related to EU aid. These consist of advance payments in compliance with vessel construction (newbuilding) contracts, planning and monitoring expenses, and capitalized borrowing expenses. In the event the vessel construction contract should be terminated, the company has a bank guarantee as security for advance payments made of EUR 38.8 M plus interest. Other capitalized planning, monitoring and borrowing expenses of EUR 24.2 M would in that case be charged to income. Liquidity could be affected if some of the EU aid must be repaid.

A total of 78.4% of the contract price is financed by a consortium of commercial banks; 90.0% of the credit amount is guaranteed by China Export & Credit Insurance Corporation. The binding loan commitment of EUR 152.0 M shall be used when final payment is made upon delivery of the vessel. The loan commitment includes financial covenants according to market terms.

The covenant terms include (i) a minimum requirement for cash and cash holdings, whereby the company shall ensure that minimum liquidity is always greater than the higher of EUR 20 M or 5% of total net debt and (ii) a maximum net debt/EBITDA ratio for the Group. The net debt/EBITDA ratio covenant was breached during the first quarter of 2021. The Group was granted a time-limited exemption until June 30, 2021. Negotiations are under way to extend the exemption from the covenant terms agreed. These negotiations could result in amendments in covenant and loan terms.

4. Segment information

Consolidated revenue decreased by 26.7% and passenger-related revenue decreased by 34.1% due to travel restrictions imposed by authorities and to market demand in conjunction with the COVID-19 pandemic.
 

Jan 1, 2021-

Jan 1, 2020- Jan 1, 2020-
EUR M Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020 Dec 31, 2020
Sales
Vessels 69.8 95.7 185.1
Unallocated 1.7 1.9 3.8
Total, operating segments 71.5 97.6 188.9
Eliminations 0.0 0.0 -0.1
Total sales of the Group 71.5 97.5 188.8
Operating income
Vessels 11.7 -13.2 -23.2
Unallocated -7.2 -14.2 -26.1
Total operating income of the Group 4.5 -27.4 -49.3
SALES
Passenger-related revenue     50.1 76.0 148.2
Cargo revenue 20.4 20.7 38.8
Miscellaneous sales revenue     1.0 0.9 1.8
Total 71.5 97.5 188.8

5. Other operating revenue

During the financial year, the Group received aid for public service obligations from Traficom for the Group’s vessels on the Turku–Långnäs–Stockholm, Mariehamn-Kapellskär and Helsinki–Tallinn routes. We also received aid from the Development and Management Centre of Finland’s Centres for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment (known as ELY centres) and from Finland’s Local Employment and Economic Development Offices as well as aid for costs from the State Treasury of Finland. The aid is recognized as public aid under other operating revenue.

Viking Line Abp entered into an agreement to sell Mariella to Corsica Ferries SAS in May 2021. The sale is being carried out as a bareboat hire/purchase arrangement. The total sale price was EUR 19.6 M, and the vessel’s book value was EUR 5.6 M. The sale had a EUR 13.1 M effect on income, and liquidity was strengthened by EUR 13.5 M. The remainder of the purchase price is to be paid on a monthly basis over four years beginning June 1, 2022. The present value is calculated by discounting future payments by an interest rate of 3%.

Viking Line Abp received a dividend from Alandia Försäkring Abp before it was reclassified as an associate company. The dividend was recognized under other operating revenue.

 

Jan 1, 2021–

Jan 1, 2020–
EUR M Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
State aid 15.5 16.0
Rents received on properties 0.0 0.1
Capital gains 13.1 0.0
Dividend income 4.9 -
Miscellaneous other operating revenue     0.0 0.0
Total 33.6 16.1

6. Compensation to employees

A large percentage of staff in Finland has been furloughed. In Sweden and Estonia, State-subsidized short-term furlough programmes have been used. Furloughs have been carried out as part-time furloughs and on the vessels to a large extent as full-time furloughs. In addition to the furloughs, redundancies in the land-based organization and on Viking Cinderella contributed to the decrease in expenses.

The Group receives government restitution from Finland and Sweden related to taxes and social security contributions for shipboard employees in keeping with European Union guidelines. The Group has received short-term aid in Sweden and Estonia for short-term furloughs utilized. Restitution received and short-term aid for furloughs have been recognized in the income statement under salary and other employment benefit expenses for the period in which the basis for the restitution and aid arose.

 

Jan 1, 2021–

Jan 1, 2020–
EUR M Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Salaries 31.4 43.0
Expenses of defined-contribution pensions     3.6 4.7
Other payroll overhead 4.1 5.2
39.0 52.9
Government restitution -6.6 -9.2
Aid for furloughs -3.7 -2.7
Total 28.7 41.0

7. Depreciation and amortization

The depreciation period for the vessels’ hull, machinery and other long-term components was extended from 25 years to 30 years as of January 1, 2021, since the period of use for the vessels is considered to be longer than 25 years. The residual values have remained unchanged. The change compared to last year is mostly due to a change in depreciation periods.
 

Jan 1, 2021–

Jan 1, 2020–
EUR M Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Depreciation and amortization
Intangible assets 0.2 0.2
Building and structures 0.2 0.2
Renovation costs for rented properties 0.2 0.2
Vessels 8.1 10.0
Machinery and equipment 0.4 0.6
Right-of-use assets 1.1 1.0
Total 10.1 12.2
Total depreciation, amortization and impairment losses 10.1 12.2

8. Other operating expenses

Other operating expenses decreased by 28.9% since the Group’s operations and expenses were adjusted to the changed market situation as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.
 

Jan 1, 2021–

Jan 1, 2020-
EUR M Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Sales and marketing expenses     2.2 6.3
Washing and cleaning expenses     2.1 4.6
Repairs and maintenance     3.8 5.2
Public port expenses and vessel charges     9.1 12.4
Fuel expenses 15.9 16.9
Miscellaneous expenses 12.3 18.4
Total 45.4 63.8

9. Financial expenses

Jan 1, 2021–

Jan 1, 2020–
EUR M Jun 30, 2021 Jun 30, 2020
Interest expenses on financial liabilities recognized at
amortized cost 1.5 1.4
Interest expenses on lease liabilities 0.1 0.1
Exchange losses 0.1 0.3
Guarantee commissions and other financial expenses 0.7 0.3
Total financial expenses 2.4 2.1

10. Income taxes

On June 30, 2021, the Group recognized net deferred tax liabilities of EUR 26.5 M, of which EUR 37.4 M is related to deferred tax liabilities and EUR 10.8 M is related to deferred tax assets. A loss recognized in taxation for the financial year 2020 can be deducted from taxable income over 10 years. Based on the management’s estimates and judgements, Viking Line expects that it will be possible to use the loss against future taxable income.

EUR M

Differences between
recognized value
of fixed assets Losses Other Total
and their value recognized temporary
for tax purposes in taxation differences
Jan 1, 2021 36.9 -10.2 0.5 27.1
Translation differences 0.0 - - 0.0
Recognized in income statement - -0.6 0.0 -0.6
Recognized directly in equity - - - -
Jun 30, 2021 36.9 -10.8 0.5 26.5

11. Impairment testing

Recognized values for intangible and tangible assets are tested regularly in order to identify any external or internal indications of a need for impairment. If such indications are observed for any asset item, the recoverable amount of the asset is recognized. One of the most important areas that entail judgements is valuation of the Group’s vessels.

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a serious impact on the Group’s operating conditions and financial position. In the management’s view, there is currently no need for impairment, since the fair value of vessels is substantially higher than the carrying amount.

The management has also made a judgement that there is no need for impairment for the Group’s other non-current assets.

In 2020, the Group’s management made a judgement on obsolete assets in the sales inventory due to slower turnover and reduced demand as a direct result of COVID-19. The management made the judgement that no material impairment losses were to be recognized in the income statement during the first two quarters of 2021 related to obsolete assets in the sales inventory.

12. Investments accounted for using the equity method

Viking Line Abp is one of the founders of the company Alandia Holding Ab, which signed an agreement on April 1, 2021, to purchase Investeringsbolag Rettig’s shares in Alandia Försäkring Abp. Alandia Holding Ab completed the purchase of all of Rettig Group’s shares (24.9 per cent) in Alandia Försäkring on June 30. Viking Line Abp recognizes Alandia Holding Ab as an associate company since Viking Line Abp exercises significant influence in the company. The shareholding is accounted for using the equity method. As a result of the transaction, Viking Line Abp’s influence in Alandia Försäkring Abp has increased, and Alandia Försäkring Abp has therefore been reclassified as an associate company as of June 30, 2021, and the holding is accounted for using the equity method. The reclassification had no effect on income. Until June 30, 2021, the holding in Alandia Försäkring Abp was measured based on the present value of future cash flows under financial assets valued at fair value through other comprehensive income. The valuation of the holding in Alandia Försäkring Abp had a EUR 1.6 M effect on comprehensive income during the reporting period.

In addition to a capital injection, Alandia Holding Ab has taken out a loan to finance the purchase of shares in Alandia Försäkring Abp. The plan is to pay down the loan with future dividends received from Alandia Försäkring Abp. To the extent Alandia Holding is in need of cash and cash equivalents to make the loan payments, Viking Line Abp has undertaken to make a cash capital contribution to Alandia Holding Ab through a shareholder agreement.

13. Trade and other receivables

Trade receivables are recognized at amortized cost in accordance with IFRS 9. The carrying amount of trade receivables and other receivables is considered equal to fair value based on the short-term nature of the items.

The COVID-19 pandemic has not led to any change in expected credit losses in trade receivables.

14. Non-current assets held for sale

Viking Line Abp has entered into a preliminary agreement with the City of Turku on the redemption of Viking Line’s terminal buildings including fixtures and fittings at the Port of Turku for about EUR 17.8 M. A final purchase agreement is expected to be entered into on August 31, and at the same time a lease on Viking Line’s terminal facilities at the Port of Turku will be entered into. Viking Line Abp has put its office property on Storagatan in Mariehamn up for sale, and it is highly probable that a sale will take place during the autumn.
 

Pledged assets and contingent liabilities
EUR M Jun 30, 2021 Dec 31, 2020
Contingent liabilities 159.9 153.9
Assets pledged for own debt 376.9 376.9
Investment commitments regarding vessels under construction
 not included in the accounts 159.3 158.7
 – contractual amount 201.8 200.7
Other liabilities not shown in the balance sheet * 3.3 -
Viking Line has a binding credit commitment of EUR 152.0 M for financing vessel orders; the time period
under which the loan can be drawn has been extended. Negotiations are currentlyg under way on the
application of the agreed covenant terms. In the event the vessel construction contract should be terminated,
the compny has a bank guarantee of EUR 38.8 M plus interest as security for the advance payment made.
Other capitalized planning, monitoring and borrowing expenses of EUR 24.2 M would in that case be charged
 to income.
* In addition to a capital injection, Alandia Holding Ab has taken a loan to finance the purchase of shares in 
Alandia Försäkring Abp. The plan is to pay down the loan with future dividends received from Alandia Försäkring Abp.
To the extent Alandia Holding Ab is in need of cash equivalents to make the payments, Viking Line Abp has undertaken
to make a cash capital contribution to Alandia Holding Ab through a shareholder agreement.

16. Events after the balance sheet date

Viking Line Abp has entered into a preliminary agreement with the City of Turku on the redemption of Viking Line’s terminal buildings including fixtures and fittings at the Port of Turku for about EUR 17.8 M. It is expected that the final purchase agreement will be entered into on August 31, and at the same time a lease will be entered into on the terminal facilities at the Port of Turku.

Otherwise the management knows of no other significant events after the balance sheet date that could affect the financial statements.

 

          

Jan Hanses
President and CEO
jan.hanses@vikingline.com
+358-(0)18-270 00